Japan’s overall policy of assistance to Africa is to boost economic growth and accelerate infrastructure development with $ 3.2 trillion JPY, equivalent to $32 million USD of public and private investments in the next five years. At this year’s Tokyo International Conference on African Development VI (TICAD) in Nairobi, Kenya, the focus was on Africa’s development needs in broad sectors, such as clean water and health, that affect the majority of Africans and which attract participation from both Heads of State and the private sector.
The Mamelles Sea Water Desalination Plant
Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe offered a 27.4 billion yen loan for the project at the TICAD VI’s Japan-Senegal Summit Meeting with President Sall of the Republic of Senegal. The Mamelles Sea Water Desalination Plant in Senegal’s Dakar Region would address the ongoing water shortage in the rapidly growing capital region by diversifying water resources.
Universal Health Coverage In Senegal
Also at the meeting, Prime Minister Abe promised a loan of 8.4 billion yen to accelerate universal health coverage (UHC) in Senegal. The World Bank and the Global Fund also issued a press release announcing a $24 billion commitment for UHC in Africa over the next five years. The two partners, plus the government of Japan, the Japan International Cooperation Agency and other organizations, launched UHC in Africa: A Framework for Action, which will identify key areas that are crucial for better health in Africa.
Current ODA Projects
Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA), which is an arm of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, has various health and clean water projects in the works, including funding for free obstetrics care in Kenya, building wells in local Mozambique villages, and developing and promoting a new, nutritious food product in Ghana to help prevent malnutrition.
A WASH Success Story in Zimbabwe
When the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Project (WASH) in Gokwe North, Midlands was completed near the end of 2015, 9,300 people directly benefited from the building or reconstructing of 31 shallow wells in the community, 10 latrine blocks and 45 hand-washing facilities in schools. The project was funded by $1.5 million USD from the Japanese government, and was carried out by The Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) Japan and ADRA Zimbabwe.